Jaw and Joint Disorders

Jaw and Joint Disorders
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a joint that connects the lower jawbone to the skull, located just in front of the ear canal. Morphologically, it is a hinge and sliding joint that varies from person to person and even between the left and right sides of the same individual.
Disorders of the TMJ develop due to trauma, malocclusion, systemic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout, stress-induced teeth clenching, and genetic factors. The chewing muscles and joints are affected together in TMJ disorders. The complex and interwoven structure of the joint also makes treatment difficult.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF JOINT DISORDERS?
The most common symptoms include limited mouth opening, difficulty and pain while chewing, pain in the head, neck, ear, temple, and cheek areas, jaw locking, dislocation of the jaw, and swelling and asymmetry of the face.

WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT METHODS FOR JOINT DISORDERS?
Non-invasive conservative methods are preferred for the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders. Some of the treatments include muscle exercises and physical therapy, thin and transparent dental splints that cover the surface of the teeth (occlusal splints), medication (muscle relaxants and painkillers), solutions to eliminate stress factors, and Masseter muscle Botox injections. In more advanced cases, intra-articular surgical procedures may be performed.

WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I EXPERIENCE SYMPTOMS OF JOINT DISORDERS?
We recommend that you immediately consult your dentist. Keep in mind that the longer you delay treatment, the more complex it may become.

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